This course will examine the rise of modern global terrorism from the rise of left-wing Marxist/Leninist terrorism in the 1960s to Jihadi terrorism in the 21st century. The first half of the course will touch on the historical antecedents of terrorism and then look more deeply at such terrorist groups as the IRA in Ireland, ETA in Spain, the Brigate Rosse in Italy, the Red Army Faction in Germany, the FARC and ELN in Colombia, and Shining Path (Sendero Luminso) and Tupac Amaru in Peru. The second half of the course will examine the transition to the beginnings of a different kind of terrorism that emerged in the 1990s and continues, ever more violently and more effectively, to this day. We will also look at the role of state terrorism.
Why take this course in Rome?
One of the most aggressive terrorist organizations of the 1970s was Italy’s Brigate Rosse, which sought to foment a Marxist revolution in Italy and remove the country from NATO. The Red Brigades formed in 1970 and inspired by other terrorist organizations in Europe and South America, engaged in sabotage, kidnapping, and assassination of politicians and military officers. Their most infamous act was the kidnapping and murder of former Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro in 1978.
This course is a special offering for Fall 2019 only.