The course examines the representation of women in politics in a comparative perspective. It reviews the types of political representation – descriptive (how many women), substantive (what do they do in terms of policy), and symbolic (how are they perceived). It provides a brief overview of gender representation theories, such as quotas and critical mass theory. It examines trends over time and compares representation across different contexts – regime types, continents and regions, as well as specific countries. The course requires no prior knowledge in gender studies. A basic understanding of political systems is helpful.