The inter-war period of early twentieth century Italy witnessed the rise and fall of the Totalitarian regime of Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, who ruled from 1922 – 1943. This was a particularly fervent period of Italian art and architecture, falling on the heels of the Neoclassical, Art Nouveau and Liberty Styles and witnessing the evolution of Futurism, Rationalism, and other Modern and Avant Garde artistic expressions. Mussolini, to spread a unifying message of Fascism throughout Italy, understood the power of art and hired leading architects, painters, designers, and sculptors to create a compelling and powerful visual propaganda. This course will focus on the art forms, architecture and urban topography that came to define the Italian Fascist period. Using the unparalleled cultural landscape of Rome as a visual guide, we will visit the sports complex, university, world’s fair site, neighborhoods and piazze where the monumental stamp of Fascism remains and also consider the graphic arts and cinema that defined the period. Addressing the cultural and social history surrounding the Art of Fascism, the class will study the use of archaeological practice by the Fascist regime, the relationship between Mussolini and Hitler and the period’s extensive urban planning in Rome. This course includes a three-day academic excursion to Berlin, Germany.